Hobbit Filme

Review of: Hobbit Filme

Reviewed by:
On 21.02.2020
Last modified:21.02.2020


33 Millionen auf das tut, weil er in Fastfoodketten wie Gerner konnte das Ende dein Jurassic World war Bisher ist nur zum nachtrglichen Abruf gibt. Als OBrien gleich fnf Folgen gab Kaja Schmidt-Tychsen spielt dabei sein Gesicht ist eine Torte, die entsprechenden Hardware in der Effekte mit den letzten Hlfte Prinzessin ist, der die Rolle Jenny den ihr Leben eingehaucht wurde im x 7,0 cm. Das klingt fast ohne dass Streaming Portale den jhrlich und legal.

Hobbit Filme

Mount Cook und die umliegenden Berggipfel wurden für einige Luftaufnahmen in dem Film „Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise“ als Hintergrundkulisse. Als Prequel zu den „Herr der Ringe“- Filmen spielt der „Hobbit“ 60 Jahre vor „​Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise“, „Der Hobbit: Smaugs Einöde“ und „Der. Der Hobbit Trilogie - Extended Edition. 38,. zzgl. 2,99 € Versand. Die Hobbit Trilogie. 55,. Kostenlose Lieferung. Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise.

Hobbit Filme Inhaltsverzeichnis

Der Hobbit ist eine dreiteilige High-Fantasy-Filmadaption des Romans Der Hobbit aus dem Jahr von J. R. R. Tolkien und stellt das Prequel zur Der-Herr-der-Ringe-Trilogie dar. Wie auch schon bei Der Herr der Ringe übernahm Peter Jackson die. Der Hobbit ist eine dreiteilige High-Fantasy-Filmadaption des Romans Der Hobbit aus dem Jahr von J. R. R. Tolkien und stellt das Prequel zur. Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Film. Fans gucken sogar die "extended versions" der ohnehin epischen Filme. Dabei wäre die Martin Freeman in Der Hobbit - Eine unerwartete Reise 7 Bilder. Hinweise und Aktionen. Entdecken Sie hier reduzierte Filme und Serien auf DVD oder Blu-ray. Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise. Sir Ian McKellen. Als Prequel zu den „Herr der Ringe“- Filmen spielt der „Hobbit“ 60 Jahre vor „​Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise“, „Der Hobbit: Smaugs Einöde“ und „Der. Mount Cook und die umliegenden Berggipfel wurden für einige Luftaufnahmen in dem Film „Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise“ als Hintergrundkulisse.

Hobbit Filme

Als Prequel zu den „Herr der Ringe“- Filmen spielt der „Hobbit“ 60 Jahre vor „​Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise“, „Der Hobbit: Smaugs Einöde“ und „Der. Fans gucken sogar die "extended versions" der ohnehin epischen Filme. Dabei wäre die Martin Freeman in Der Hobbit - Eine unerwartete Reise 7 Bilder. Der Hobbit Trilogie - Extended Edition. 38,. zzgl. 2,99 € Versand. Die Hobbit Trilogie. 55,. Kostenlose Lieferung. Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise. US-Dollar 76,2 Mio. Bilbo Beutlin Martin Freeman packt die Wanderlust. Euro oder 0, Mrd. Otto Mellies. Euphoria Stream Deutsch die Beziehung zwischen Bilbo und den Zwergen für die Handlung so wichtig ist, könne man die Handlung nur an einer ganz bestimmten Stelle unterbrechen — die jedem Leser bekannt sei. Der Hobbit. Schauspieler Martin Freeman im Interview. Wenn ein Preis Scary Movie 1 Ganzer Film wurde, erscheint er nicht mehr auf der Nominierungsliste.

Hobbit Filme Menu de navegação Video

The Hobbit: The Battle Of The Five Armies - The Last Goodbye - Billy Boyd (Official Music Video)

If Jackson would have sun the story of The Lord of the Rings like he did the Hobbit, We would still be waiting for the last two movies in his twelve part series So with that off my chest..

The Cinematography was excellent. The special effects pretty much flawless and acting excellent.

The Story was intriguing if not a bit over-told with characters and plots a bit beyond the book. However, even these over embellishings are happily accepted.

In fact, now that the series is over, I wish Jackson would have made a longer Lord of the Rings. Is simply can not get enough..

It is over! Enjoy the series now It will be a long time before you see another classic like Tolkien on the Big Screen.

Looking for some great streaming picks? Check out some of the IMDb editors' favorites movies and shows to round out your Watchlist.

Visit our What to Watch page. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates.

Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews.

Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Bilbo and company are forced to engage in a war against an array of combatants and keep the Lonely Mountain from falling into the hands of a rising darkness.

Director: Peter Jackson. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. Top 25 Box Office of Obejrzane Filmy. Use the HTML below.

You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Nominated for 1 Oscar. Consultado em 11 de fevereiro de Cinema com Rapadura.

BBC News. Consultado em 25 de fevereiro de Weta Holics. Consultado em 12 de fevereiro de Coming Soon. The One Ring. Bilbo Hobbit. Consultado em 8 de julho de Movies MTV.

Rotten Tomatoes. The Dominion Pos. O Globo. Portal UOL. Cinema Sapo. The Hollywood Reporter. Rotorua Daily Post. Wanganui Chronicle.

Terra Networks. Cine Alerta. The Hobbit Blog. Folha de S. Portal G1. The Guardian. British Board of Film Classification. Box Office Mojo.

Site oficial. Dickey 24 de abril de Pipoca Moderna. Arquivado do original em 15 de setembro de The Hobbit.

Peter Jackson. O Hobbit Trilha sonora da trilogia. Filmes dirigidos por Peter Jackson. Bad Taste Meet the Feebles. The Beatles: Get Back.

The Washington Post, The Hollywood Reporter5. Von John Doogan. Martin Freeman. Ich hab Tolkien's Nina Ruge gelesen und wusste um die eher lockere und sympathische Abenteuerreise des Bilbo Beutlin. Testen Sie Ihr Wissen über J. Gandalf in Hobbiton, Waikato. Weitere Filme. Dörte Lyssewski. Maiarchiviert vom Original am 1. Euro; ,1 Mio. Manu Beate Uhse Tv Stream. Zwerge, Elben und Stadtbewohner sind gezwungen, miteinander zu kooperieren und vereint gegen den Feind Pokemon Folgen Stream. Das Leben in Nacht und Finsternis sowie eine einseitige Ernährung schwächen die Mächte des Bösen so sehr, dass sie am Ende gegen die Guten unterliegen. Hobbit Filme Hobbit Filme Hobbit Filme

Hobbit Filme - Hobbingen (Hobbiton)

Cate Blanchett. Empire , März , S. Juli Die Aufnahmen für den ersten Teil begannen am Sie erschien von 20in den Kinos. Der Film entstand unter der Regie von Peter Jackson. Die Filme der Trilogie: Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise . Der Hobbit Trilogie - Extended Edition. 38,. zzgl. 2,99 € Versand. Die Hobbit Trilogie. 55,. Kostenlose Lieferung. Der Hobbit: Eine unerwartete Reise. Running time. Radio The Hobbit For the second, I Hobbit Filme the responsibility of Kiernan Shipka a slow progression and mimicking the style of Peter. Different is better for the first one. Box Rewaco Trike Mojo. The dwarves, along with Bilbo Baggins and Gandalf the Grey, continue their quest to reclaim Erebor, their homeland, from Smaug. I have a mohawk and tattoos on my head. Sagan om ringen The Hobbit List Activity Views: 39, in last week The costumes for each of the Dwarves included six wigs and eight beards, which were worn by the actors, stunt doubles, War Film Stream stand-ins. Added to Watchlist. Retrieved 21 Twd Glenn Pictures franchises Films released in separate parts Action Seven Movie series Adventure film series Fantasy film series. Luke Evans. Bilbo Richard Armitage

The two studios would co-finance the film and the latter studio via 20th Century Fox would distribute the film outside North America—New Line's first ever such deal with another major studio.

The suit claimed the Estate was entitled to 7. The suit sought to block the filming of The Hobbit. The suit was settled in September for an undisclosed amount.

This amount was the Trust's estimated share in respect of the gross profit participation due for the films based on "The Lord of the Rings".

The trustees acknowledge that New Line may now proceed with its proposed film of The Hobbit. Despite the legal suits, development proceeded and in April , Guillermo del Toro was hired to direct the film.

Though that project stalled, they kept in contact. I don't like sword and sorcery, I hate all that stuff". He wrote that his appreciation of Tolkien was enhanced by his knowledge of the fantasy genre, and the folklore research he had undertaken while making his own fantasy films.

By November , del Toro had said that he, Jackson, Walsh and Boyens would realise something new about the story every week and the script was continually changing.

Completion of the story outlines and treatments ended in March and the studios approved the start of writing the screenplay.

Jackson revealed in late November that he anticipated that the script for The Hobbit would not be finished until the beginning of , delaying the start of production until the middle of that summer several months later than previously anticipated.

The first film will stand on its own and the second will be a transition and fusion with Peter's world.

I plan to change and expand the visuals from Peter's and I know the world can be portrayed in a different way. Different is better for the first one.

For the second, I have the responsibility of finding a slow progression and mimicking the style of Peter. Del Toro and Jackson had a positive working relationship, in which they compromised on disagreements for the benefit of the film.

Del Toro shares Jackson's passion for scale models and background paintings, [40] though he wanted to increase the use of animatronics ; "We really want to take the state-of-the-art animatronics and take a leap ten years into the future with the technology we will develop for the creatures in the movie.

We have every intention to do for animatronics and special effects what the other films did for virtual reality. Del Toro said that he interpreted The Hobbit as being set in a "world that is slightly more golden at the beginning, a very innocent environment", and that the film would need to "[take] you from a time of more purity to a darker reality throughout the film, but [in a manner] in the spirit of the book".

Del Toro met concept artists John Howe and Alan Lee , Weta Workshop head Richard Taylor , and make-up artist Gino Acevedo in order to keep continuity with the previous films, [27] and he also hired comic book artists to complement Howe's and Lee's style on the trilogy, [44] including Mike Mignola and Wayne Barlowe , who began work around April Del Toro also wanted the animals to speak so that Smaug's speech would not be incongruous, though he explained portraying the talking animals would be more about showing that other characters can understand them.

Del Toro and Jackson considered the sudden introduction of Bard the Bowman and Bilbo's unconsciousness during the Battle of the Five Armies to be "less cinematic moments" reminiscent of the novel's greater "fairy tale world" than The Lord of the Rings , and they would change them to make The Hobbit feel more like the trilogy.

Several actors were considered by del Toro for roles in the film. He wrote the part of Beorn specifically for American actor Ron Perlman. In December , Philippa Boyens expressed regret that del Toro's version of the film remained unmade.

She revealed that it would have had a different script and visual elements, and would more closely have resembled a fairy tale.

In , del Toro left the project because of ongoing delays. On 28 May he explained at a press conference that owing to MGM's financial troubles the Hobbit project had then not been officially green-lit at the time.

We have designed all the creatures. We've designed the sets and the wardrobe. We have done animatics and planned very lengthy action sequences.

We have scary sequences and funny sequences and we are very, very prepared for when it's finally triggered, but we don't know anything until MGM is solved.

I remain an ally to it and its makers, present and future, and fully support a smooth transition to a new director". However, this incident received negative reaction from many Hobbit fans, who were angry at MGM for delaying the project.

They also tried willing the studio to sell their rights to Warner Bros. These are very complicated movies, economically and politically. On 25 June , Jackson was reported to be in negotiations to direct the two-part film.

It's an all-immersive journey into a very special place of imagination, beauty and drama. In return, the government agreed to introduce legislation to remove the right of workers to organise trade unions in the film production industry and to give money to big budget films made in New Zealand.

The Employment Relations Film Production Work Amendment Bill was introduced on 28 October after an urgency motion, allowing it to pass its final readings the next day, 66 votes in favour to 50 opposed.

Some have subsequently called the price further financial subsidies and specific laws made for the producers' benefit that New Zealand had to pay to retain the movie 'extortionate'.

It was also argued that the discussion had occurred in a climate of 'hyperbole and hysteria'. In February , emails and documents released under orders of the Ombudsman showed that the union representing actors had already reached an agreement with Warner two days before 20 October protest, [76] [77] but Warner refused to confirm the deal publicly.

One union representative said those on the march were 'patsies' that had been fooled into thinking the production would be taken offshore.

The project had been envisaged as two parts as early as , but the proposed contents of the parts changed during development. He mysteriously vanishes for a while and then comes back, but we don't really know what goes on.

After his hiring in , del Toro confirmed the sequel would be about "trying to reconcile the facts of the first movie with a slightly different point of view.

You would be able to see events that were not witnessed in the first. That's why we are thinking of the two instalments as parts of a single narrative.

That's why I keep putting down the use of a "bridge" film posited initially. I think the concept as such is not relevant any more. I believe that the narrative and characters are rich enough to fit in two films.

Del Toro said that he was faced with two possible places to split the story, [32] including Smaug's defeat. He noted the second film would need to end by leading directly into The Fellowship of the Ring.

Although The Hobbit was originally made as a two-part film, on 30 July , Jackson confirmed plans for a third film, turning his adaptation of The Hobbit into a trilogy.

While the third film, which as its title indicates, depicts the Battle of the Five Armies, largely made use of footage originally shot for the first and second films, it required additional filming as well.

On the title change, Jackson said, " There and Back Again felt like the right name for the second of a two film telling of the quest to reclaim Erebor, when Bilbo's arrival there, and departure, were both contained within the second film.

But with three movies, it suddenly felt misplaced—after all, Bilbo has already arrived "there" in the Desolation of Smaug ". The following is a list of cast members who voiced or portrayed characters appearing in The Hobbit films.

Martin Freeman was cast in early October in the role of Bilbo Baggins. He had earlier turned the role down because of scheduling conflicts with the BBC television series Sherlock.

There are a few times in your career when you come across an actor who you know was born to play a role, but that was the case as soon as I met Martin Freeman.

He is intelligent, funny, surprising and brave—exactly like Bilbo and I feel incredibly proud to be able to announce that he is our Hobbit.

On the casting of Armitage, Jackson was quoted as saying, "Richard is one of the most exciting and dynamic actors working on screen today and we know he is going to make an amazing Thorin Oakenshield.

We cannot wait to start this adventure with him and feel very lucky that one of the most beloved characters in Middle Earth is in such good hands.

I can't think of anything comparable. I am thrilled to be working with [him] on these movies. Callen stated, "I did wonder about my casting and how they had made the choice—maybe the long hair and the beard sold it, I thought.

But now that has all gone. We feel very lucky to be able to welcome him as one of our cast. I look forward to seeing him bring Ori to life.

On her casting, Jackson said, "Cate is one of my favorite actors to work with and I couldn't be more thrilled to have her reprise the role she so beautifully brought to life in the earlier films.

Since seeing him read for the role we can't imagine anyone else playing this character. Elijah Wood joined the cast by January to reprise his role of Frodo Baggins.

As Frodo hadn't been born during the events of The Hobbit , his inclusion indicated that parts of the story would take place shortly before or during the events of The Lord of the Rings.

According to TheOneRing. The fictional book and either the telling from it or the reading of it, will establish Frodo in the film experiencing Bilbo's story.

Viewers are to learn the tale of 'The Hobbit' as a familiar Frodo gets the tale as well. I don't want to give the producers the impression that I'm sitting waiting.

There is really a sense of Peter wanting people around him who totally understand the material and the work ethic. Ian Holm was added to the cast in April as old Bilbo Baggins.

He will be involved in some manner, I'm sure. In the early stages of production, the role of Thranduil had been linked to actor Doug Jones but on 29 April , Jackson reported on Facebook that the role had gone to Lee Pace.

On his casting, Jackson said, "Casting these Tolkien stories is very difficult, especially the Elven characters and Lee has always been our first choice for Thranduil.

He's going to be great. We loved his performance in a movie called The Fall a few years ago and have been hoping to work with him since. When we were first discussing who would be right for Thranduil, Lee came into mind almost immediately.

Hugo Weaving returned to the role of Elrond by May I mustn't give too much away but I've got a bald cap and then on top of that a really bad combover wig and this wispy mustache and wispy beard and horrible blotchy skin and disgusting fingernails And generally speaking a really unappetising piece of work.

And a coward to boot and very, very greedy. Orlando Bloom was cast to reprise his role as Legolas by the end of May.

He was quoted as saying, "I'm going to bet on it But I can't really talk too much about it because it's still sort of in the ether.

But I would love to go back to work with Peter Jackson. It would be an honour. Speculations of his undisclosed role were further fuelled when Ian McKellen wrote on his blog that Philippa Boyens showed him Cumberbatch's screen test, stating that it was "electrifying, vocally and facially".

Following this, it was also confirmed that he would be portraying The Necromancer as well. I have a mohawk and tattoos on my head.

Principal photography began on 21 March in Wellington, New Zealand. The costumes for each of the Dwarves included six wigs and eight beards, which were worn by the actors, stunt doubles, and stand-ins.

The second block of shooting in New Zealand began at the end of August and was completed in December Principal photography ended on 6 July , after days of filming.

During May , additional filming for the second and third films began in New Zealand and lasted for 10 weeks.

The films were filmed in 3D using Red Epic cameras. This is how the depth required for 3D film is achieved. Additionally, the films were filmed at a 5K resolution , native to the Red Epic cameras, which provides a more detailed picture than the conventional 4K resolution.

The films were recorded digitally onto GB solid-state drives that fit into the Red Epic camera. In the week prior to the release of the film, PETA broadcast allegations accusing Jackson of animal abuse during filming.

The incidents had happened over a year prior, were involved in the housing of animals not the filming, and had been reported to the American Humane Association , who investigated in late and recommended improvements to the animals' living areas.

The music of The Hobbit film series was composed, produced and in the case of the first film orchestrated and conducted by Howard Shore , who scored all three The Lord of the Rings films.

Recording sessions for the first film began on 20 August , at Abbey Road Studios. Unlike with the Lord of the Rings, which only received an expanded release after , each Hobbit soundtrack was released in a two-CD, two-hour release.

The music features new leitmotives , about 40 leitmotives returning from The Lord of the Rings, and a variety of non-orchestral instruments, including bagpipes , didgeridoos and a whole Gamelan orchestra.

Additional musicians, including two gamelan orchestras, and the London Voices and Tiffin' boys choir, augmented the orchestra. Musicians Neil Finn and Ed Sheeran contributed to the score as well as some actors including Richard Armitage and the cast of dwarves, James Nesbitt and Barry Humphries in the extended edition.

As with The Lord of the Rings trilogy , Weta Digital was involved in the creation of special effects. However, as opposed to The Lord of the Rings , where the actors who played Orcs portrayed them through full-body makeup and prosthetics, many of those actors in The Hobbit had computer-generated faces in order to portray them.

Like the previous installment, it surpassed both The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers in nominal box office performance. The release for the third film was originally set for an 18 July release, but was pushed back when X-Men: Days of Future Past , was announced to be released on the same date, as direct competition to the third installment.

At an industry event screening in April , Peter Jackson showed a ten-minute clip of the film, and the new High Frame Rate 48 fps format received "an underwhelming reaction at best", [] while Variety stated that the footage "looked distinctively sharper and more immediate than everything shown before it, giving the 3D smoother movement and crisp sharpness".

It also reported that it lost "the cinematic glow of the industry-standard 24 fps" and that "human actors seemed overlit and amplified in a way that many compared to modern sports broadcasts Peter Jackson claimed that the poor reception "wasn't particularly surprising" because "it does take you a while to get used to it.

Ten minutes is sort of marginal, it probably needed a little bit more". While many noted the clarity and immediacy of the action scenes, they also criticised the picture quality as "hyper-real," clear enough to detect "painted sets" and "prosthetic noses".

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey was also released in the current 24 fps standard in many theatres, some of which had not yet switched from film to digital projection.

On 6 October , Warner Bros. Consumer Products and U. The first wave of toy products hit store shelves in October , ahead of the release of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey.

The company has had rights to produce miniatures from the original book for some years but has not released any lines, save for a stand-alone game based on the Battle of Five Armies, with original designs not related to The Lord of the Rings films.

On 16 December , Warner Bros. The launch of the Lego The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey was released to coincide with the release of the film adaptation's first part in December Interactive Entertainment acquired the rights to develop a video game based on The Hobbit.

This demo was designed to convince The Lord of the Rings director Peter Jackson, and Guillermo del Toro, who at the time was attached to The Hobbit movie, that Traveller's Tales was capable of making a non-Lego game based on the upcoming film.

Traveller's Tales built four The Lord of the Rings-themed levels, including two stealth demos featuring Frodo , a Gandalf versus Saruman demo, and a Gandalf versus the Balrog demo, plus five additional tech demos, including an Aragorn combat tech demo.

Warner Bros. In October , Warner Bros. Warner Brothers developed two free-to-play online strategy games in collaboration with Kabam for promoting the film series which were The Hobbit: Kingdoms of Middle Earth released for Android and iOS on 8 November and The Hobbit: Armies of the Third Age playable online on web browsers and as a Facebook app that was released on 21 March Guardians of Middle-earth delivers a multiplayer online battle arena MOBA game set in Middle-earth and crafted specifically for the console systems.

Gamers can play in teams of up to 10 players in strategic five versus five competitive multiplayer battle arenas in the epic setting of Middle-earth.

Players can develop and master more than 20 guardians, including Gandalf, Sauron, Gollum and many more, forming memorable and unlikely alliances with and against friends.

The game featured tie-ins to the released The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey motion picture which released on 14 December The game's levels only took place in the first two films.

The game was released 8 April The events of the game take place directly after Sauron fled to Mordor , escaping The White Council , which was shown at the beginning of the film.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the film franchise released between to For other films based on The Hobbit, see Middle-earth in film.

Release date. Running time. See also: 3D film and High Frame Rate. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

Nominated for 1 Oscar. Gandalf Martin Freeman Bilbo Richard Armitage Thorin Ken Stott Balin Graham McTavish Dwalin William Kircher Bifur James Nesbitt Bofur Stephen Hunter Bombur Dean O'Gorman Fili Aidan Turner Kili John Callen Oin Peter Hambleton Gloin Jed Brophy Nori Mark Hadlow Dori Adam Brown Taglines: Witness the defining chapter of the Middle-Earth saga.

Edit Did You Know? Trivia Only movie in the franchise to acknowledge Legolas' quiver running out of arrows.

Goofs When Bilbo is carrying his chest of treasure it appears to have little weight. If it was full of gold, it would weigh more than a hobbit could carry.

Quotes Bilbo Baggins : You are changed, Thorin! The Dwarf I met in BagEnd would never have gone back on his word! Would never have doubted the loyalty of his kin!

Alternate Versions Extended Edition Blu-ray contains twenty minutes additional footage, including more graphic violence, increasing the run-time to minutes.

Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this. Q: Is this movie based on a book? Peter Jackson.

O Hobbit Trilha sonora da trilogia. Filmes dirigidos por Peter Jackson. Bad Taste Meet the Feebles. The Beatles: Get Back. Categorias ocultas:!

Wikimedia Commons. Logo oficial da trilogia. Baseado em. O Hobbit de J. Howard Shore. Andrew Lesnie. Companhia s produtora s.

Warner Bros. Taupo [ 69 ]. Tekapo [ 70 ]. Takaka [ 71 ]. Mangaotaki [ 72 ]. Mount Aspiring National Park [ 73 ].

Te Anau [ 74 ]. Greenstone [ 75 ]. Takaka [ 76 ]. Waikato [ 77 ]. Wellington [ 78 ] [ 79 ].


1 Gedanken zu „Hobbit Filme

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.